Power the Future of Connectivity Through IoT
Connecting normal devices to the internet is the latest technology that has become quite popular, making life much more convenient in all ways imaginable. This technology called the Internet of Things or IoT for short has seen an ever-rising demand during this pandemic making life adapt to the new normal much easier. The different methods that are used, which include sensors, trackers, applications, network routers etc. is what we call IoT connectivity, i.e., the methods used to connect the IoT devices.
Since IoT is more than just a convenience and becomes more of a necessity, it is important to figure out the best IoT connectivity option for the organization. When analysing about the same, the first step to break down the options into three major categories, them being: Bandwidth capacity (speed), coverage range, and power consumption. It is not that easy to find an IoT connectivity option that could prioritise all the categories, which is why it is important to understand what exactly the IoT requirement will be, before making a connectivity decision.
So, to dig a bit deeper…
The three things we usually put up to reference when comparing good IoT connections, as mentioned above are:
- Bandwidth capacity:The Bandwidth capacity refers to the speed of the connection. Some of your choice of bandwidth will depend on the requirement of data since the need and consumption of data will need a lot of data.
- Coverage range:If your devices will have considerable distance between them, keep in mind the need for high coverage range when choosing your connectivity.
- Power consumption:Many IoT devices are battery-powered and not hard-wired. Remember to keep this in mind if you are looking for something that is long-lasting.
With these in mind, also keep in mind there are a few other factors to consider as well:
- Cost:Different IoT connectivity vary a lot in terms of cost. Also, it is important to consider both the initial cost of setting up and the operational costs as well.
- Your current system: It will be a lot more convenient and cost-saving if your current system can support and be integrated into an IoT connectivity upgrade.
- Scalability: think long-term, including your future growth plans, so that your IoT connectivity will not be a worrying factor for your future plans.
- Deployment location: do a thorough location check, so that the place will be suitable, and will not have any obstructing factors that can hinder your connectivity.
Common IoT Connectivity Options and Their Benefits
Now let us take a dive into the common types of IoT connectivity and their benefits.
1. Cellular IoT Connectivity
Also called M2M (machine to machine) cellular, a major characteristic of cellular connectivity is it has a very long coverage range. Two devices in two different countries can be connected via IoT cellular connectivity.
Wi-Fi connectivity offers very high and equally reliable bandwidth and uses much less power when compared to cellular connectivity. However, a Wi-Fi solution is coverage range will not have as much coverage range. Hence Wi-Fi is typically used in short-range IoT deployments like a home.
3. Bluetooth (LE)
When compared to other IoT connectivity solutions, Bluetooth has relatively low bandwidth capacity and a very short coverage range, but with the new Bluetooth Low Energy (LE) technology, it requires very little power. Hence, Bluetooth LE is best suited for IoT when required to
transmit low data in short-range deployments, like a smart home implementation.
LPWAN stands for Low-Power Wide Area Network, this is one of the newer connectivity technologies that aim at improving coverage range while retaining low power consumption.
LPWAN solutions give an impressive coverage of up to 25 miles between devices with very low power consumption. It is expected for LPWAN and LPWAN-based cellular connectivity to be the future of IoT connectivity.
With these in mind, you will be able to choose the right IoT connectivity solution for your needs.